“God’s Gift, Our Gratitude, and the Path to Perfect Happiness”

Homily for Christmas, Mass During the Day
December 25, 2022, Cathedral of St. Mary of the Assumption


“What did you get for Christmas?”  This is a question we hear asked with great frequency during these days of the year.  Of course, people also give gifts at Christmas (obviously; otherwise, no one would receive any!), but generally we don’t ask the question, “What did you give for Christmas?”  We are much more accustomed to asking, “What did you get for Christmas?”

The Gift

Christmas challenges us to invert this mentality, for it is, as the saying goes, the “season of giving.”  Think about when you give a gift seriously, when you put a lot of thought and heart into it, and want to make it truly something special – it takes a lot of planning, of time and timing, doing everything just right, especially to make it a happy surprise.

This kind of giving mirrors God Himself – He is a God of giving, not of getting.  Christmas is, indeed, about gift-giving: God’s gift to us, the greatest gift of all, the gift of His Son.  And God, too, put a lot of planning into it; He indeed took a long, long time to lead up to the perfect point in history when He would give us this gift.

All throughout the season of Advent, leading up to this great Solemnity of Christmas, we heard from the prophets of the Old Testament foretelling the one whom God would send to set His people free.  At the time of these prophets God’s people were subject to a constant succession of occupying powers: Assyria to the east, Babylon to the north, and Egypt to the south. 

The people looked forward to a future king, an anointed one, who would set them free from this political oppression.  We hear this longing in the prophecy from Isaiah in the first reading for this Mass of Christmas During the Day: “Hark!  Your sentinels raise a cry, … for they see directly, before their eyes, the Lord restoring Zion.  For the Lord comforts his people, he redeems Jerusalem.  … all the ends of the earth will behold the salvation of our God.”

God’s plan, though, was much bigger than what His people had hoped for.  Already we hear a hint of this earlier on from Isaiah.  Scripture scholars consider this passage to be a hymn for the enthronement of a king: “How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him who brings glad tidings, announcing peace, bearing good news, announcing salvation.”  But notice where it ends: “… [say] to Zion, ‘Your God is King!’”

And so it is: God was to send not a human king to free His people from the oppression of a political power, for such powers will all eventually pass away.  Rather, God would send His very own Son to free His people from the one oppression that can hold us captive for all eternity: the oppression of sin and death.


What a gift!  Truly there could be none greater.  Are we thankful?  Think about when you receive that very special, thoughtful gift filled with love.  Think about the gratitude you feel.  Now, imagine that it is not a material object but an action, a truly heroic action, such as someone risking their life to save your life.  Think about the gratitude you would feel then.  It’s not just a matter of saying “thanks,” and then going on with life as before.  You feel a certain debt that you cannot pay back, and you cannot do enough to express your thanks. 

How, then, do we express our thanks to God for this greatest gift of all, His Son who came to set us free from eternal death by taking on a human body, so in that body he could die on the Cross for us?  We owed this debt to God because we incurred it by our sin, but it is a debt we could never pay on our own.  We needed God’s divinity to pay it back, for only the power of God could accomplish.  Therefore, God assumed our humanity so that, as man, He could pay it for us.

So, now the debt we owe to God is a debt of gratitude.  That, too, is a debt for which we can never pay God back, but gratitude makes us want to try, anyway.  In his annual Christmas address to the members of the Roman Curia this year, Pope Francis spoke about what this virtue of gratitude really entails, following the example that God Himself set for us.  He said:

Just as [the Son of God] chose poverty, which is not merely the absence of wealth, but utter simplicity, so too, each of us is called to return to what is essential in our own lives, to discard all that is superfluous and a potential hindrance on the path of holiness.  And that path of holiness is non-negotiable….  The realization of our poverty, without the realization of God’s love, would crush us.  Consequently, the interior attitude that we should deem most important is gratitude.”[1]

Lived Out in Concrete Actions and Attitudes

This is indeed a valuable lesson for us today, living as we do in a world immersed in so much anger, greed, the drive to destroy others in order to grab power, all leading to resentment.  In contrast, we are instead called to live a life of gratitude to God for His supreme gift to us.  And what does that look like?  Well, we have the great blessing in our Catholic faith tradition to have very many illustrious examples to demonstrate for us with their lives what this looks like, shining examples in every generation for the last 2,000 years.  Many of them we know as officially canonized saints.  But I would like to share one example with you that is truly extraordinary, not canonized and not very well known, and yet very close to our own generation. 

I was privileged to be living in Rome in 1996 when Pope St. John Paul II invited all priests throughout the world who were ordained the year he was (1946) to come to Rome to celebrate together their fiftieth anniversary of priestly ordination.  At the celebration where all of the jubilarians celebrating the golden anniversary of their Priesthood were gathered together with the Pope, I heard the powerful testimony of one of them, Fr. Anton Lull, a Jesuit priest from Albania. 

Of course, 1946 was right after the end of World War II and the beginning of the communist regime in his country, a very dark chapter in the history of the world.  Forgive me if what I’m about to share with you seems out of keeping with the spirit of the usual Christmas message, for it is a bit graphic and brutal, but there is also a very valuable Christmas message hidden in it for us.  Here is what he told us:

I had recently become a priest when the communist dictatorship took over in my country.  Some of my comrades … were shot and died as martyrs of the faith…. 

Instead the Lord asked me to live…. 

On 19 December 1947, they arrested me and charged me with provoking unrest and with propaganda against the government.  I lived in solitary confinement for seventeen years, and for many more in forced labor.  My first prison in that freezing month of December was a lavatory in a village situated in the mountains….  I stayed there for nine months, forced to crouch on hardened excrement, and never being able to stretch out because the space was so small.  On Christmas night that year … they … hung me up with the rope passed under my arms….  The cold gradually crept up my limbs, and when it reached my breast and my heart was about to give in, I gave a desperate cry.  My torturers arrived; they pulled me down and kicked me all over.  That night, in that place and in the solitude of that first torture, I experienced the real meaning of the Incarnation and the Cross. 

But in this suffering I had beside me and within me the comforting presence of the Lord Jesus, the Eternal High Priest.  At times his support was something I can only call ‘extraordinary’, so great was the joy and comfort he communicated to me. 

But I have never felt resentment for those who, humanly speaking, robbed me of my life.  After my release, I happened to meet one of my torturers in the street: I took pity on him; I went towards him and embraced him. 

They released me in the 1969 amnesty.  I was seventy-nine years old.[2]

From Resentment to Happiness

This is a man who spent his entire Priesthood in prison and forced labor, beaten and tortured.  Surely, no one ever had more cause for resentment than he.  His entire Priesthood was spent, not making the sacrifice of Christ present sacramentally on the altar, renewing the mystery of the Incarnation by the Word of God coming down from heaven and taking flesh in the Eucharist by the power of his word.  This is what St. John tells us in the Prologue to his Gospel that we just heard proclaimed: the Eternal Son of God is God’s Word to us, God’s self-communication of love and salvation, who became flesh in the womb of the Virgin Mary.  And the Word of God continues to come down from heaven to take flesh in the form of the Eucharist at every Mass, when the priest pronounces his words that he gave us, as a command at the Last Supper: “This is my Body….  Do this in memory of me.”

That’s what Fr. Lull did, but not in the usual way for a priest, at Mass, standing at the altar, pronouncing those words.  Rather, he did so by incarnating the mystery of the Lord’s Passion and sacrifice in his own flesh, making Christ’s sacrifice present not sacramentally in the Body of Christ present on the altar but personally, in his very own tortured body.  And where did his fidelity to Christ lead him?  In his own words: “extraordinary … joy and comfort.”  And (I would add, given what he recounted about his encounter with his torturer on the street), forgiveness.  What an extraordinary testimony!  And yet, how utterly Christian.

We live in a world filled with resentment, which always results from the attitude of getting: “What am I going to get?”  This is the path that leads to misery.  Christmas reminds us, as did Pope Francis recently, that God chose to be poor in order to be with us, and to save us, and that the recognition of our poverty, with gratitude to God for His love, is what helps us to live a life of utter simplicity and so set out on the path to holiness – that is to say, authentic and ever-lasting happiness.  For truly, the only way to be really happy, no matter the circumstances of our life, is to be in a right relationship with God.  And that means inculcating within ourselves the interior attitude that Pope Francis teaches we should deem most important of all: gratitude.

Jesus Christ, though, is the one who gets us there.  Gratitude opens the door for him to do that for us.  Thank God for the example of so many saints, canonized and not, such as Fr. Lull, who give us the model and inspiration to live our life in a way that lets Jesus put us in that right relationship with God.


We can never repay God for all that He has done for us.  But if we are grateful, truly grateful, then we will want to try, anyway.  Again, as Pope Francis reminds us, gratitude is “the interior attitude that we should deem most important.”  That is, we will want to live lives that are pleasing to Him, because what pleases Him is what makes us happy, and that means living a life of giving, not getting.  May the spirit of Christmas, the season of giving, renew in us the desire to give gratefully always and in all ways, that God may be glorified and we may share His life forever in heaven.

[1] https://www.vatican.va/content/francesco/en/speeches/2022/december/documents/20221222-curia-romana.html

[2] L’Osservatore Romano, English edition, November 1996.